What Is In-Sensor Computing & Why It Matters for Machine Vision

All businesses require quality control and careful inspection, especially in today's technologically evolved world. Performing consistent inspections throughout the manufacturing process guarantees a higher-quality product. Employers have to devote a substantial amount of resources to these repetitive inspections. However, because of the capabilities of in-sensor computation in machine vision, inspections can now be completed much faster and conveniently.

Implementing machine vision networks is vital and minimizes redundant data being exchanged during processing and inspection. In this blog, we will explore the idea of in-sensor computing, which involves moving computation activities to the sensory terminals, and how this phenomenon is used in machine vision and cameras.

What Is In-Sensor Computing?

Cameras and processors have remained distinct in machine vision. However, when integrators discovered new uses for machine vision systems, they encountered greater difficulties, one of which was space.

Machine vision workstations cannot be placed in every location. However, smaller form factor systems have historically struggled due to the lack of available computing power. In order to work around this difficulty, researchers have started working on a method to increase the speed of machine vision by integrating computational technologies inside the picture sensor. This is known as in-sensor computing.

What Is Machine Vision?

Before we tackle in-sensor computing, let's explore machine vision and what it entails for automation systems. In early implementations of robotics in the manufacturing space, simple, small programs allowed for the automation of simple, repetitive tasks. This process was effective for producing identical components with minimal to no variance.

However, the complicated nature of contemporary manufacturing requires equally complex systems for factory automation. To adjust to this more complicated reality, technologies such as in-sensor computing give automated systems more flexibility and the ability to adjust to different components on the fly. In fact, machine vision computing may help cameras handle a greater degree of processing as they develop further, offering additional features to sensoring. Cameras will be able to make decisions based on large datasets, eliminating most inspection errors and enhancing consumer product safety and quality.

How In-Sensor Computing Is Evolving Machine Vision?

The technology avoids the step of transmitting a whole picture to the machine vision software; rather, all of the processing is completed by the in-sensor computing capabilities inside the camera. Cutting down on the bandwidth utilization required by constant, high-resolution pictures moving between different components cuts down on the processing time needed for vision systems.

This increase in efficiency reduces the need for costly interdependent systems in an application. Decisions can be made without depending on cloud connectivity if the camera's sensor can discern what it is seeing as it analyses the picture. Self-processing sensors might open up new opportunities for machine vision in autonomous cars and other digital commercial applications.

Opening Up Future Possibilities

Given the energy and latency budget, current hardware has limited the potential for new applications of AI-based image processing. More than 90% of the sensor-generated data is duplicated and processed, wasting time and energy.

Technological innovations for in-sensors in machine vision involve creating a new, compact material system to handle sensing and processing. The ultimate objective of in-sensor computation is to create effective artificial intelligence hardware that is programmable, high-resolution, and fast.

Do you require a camera for your machine vision system? Get in touch with our representatives at Phase 1 Technology for any assistance in choosing a camera that meets all your sensory needs.